SALAH (Prayer) – the 2nd pillar of Islam


A key element of Muslim life is the obligatory, ritual prayer. These prayers are performed five times a day, and are a direct link between the worshipper and God. This very personal relationship with the Creator allows one to fully depend, trust and love God; and to truly achieve inner peace and harmony, regardless of the trails one faces. 

Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: “Indeed, when one of you prays, he speaks privately with his Lord.”

Prayers are performed at dawn, mid-day, late-afternoon, sunset and nightfall; reminding one of God throughout the day. Regular prayer helps prevent destructive deeds and gives one the opportunity to seek God’s pardon for any misgivings. 

The Prophet once asked his companions: “Do you think if there was a river by the door and one of you bathed in it five times a day; would there remain any dirt on him?” The Prophet’s companions answered in the negative. The Prophet then said: “That is how it is with the five (daily) prayers; through them God washes away your sins.” 

Friday is the day of congregation for Muslims. The mid-day prayer on Fridayis different from all other prayers in that it includes a sermon. Prayer at other times are relatively simple, they include verses from the Qur’an and take only a few minutes to complete.

 Muslims are greatly encouraged to perform their five daily prayers in congregation, and in the Mosque. A Mosque, in its most basic form, is simply a clean area designated for prayers. Mosques throughout the world have taken on various architectural forms, reflected local cultures. They range from detached pavilions in China to elaborate courtyards in India; from massive domes in Turkey to glass and steel structures in the United States. However, one unique and obvious feature remains – the “call to prayer.”

The first person to call Muslims to prayer was a freed African slave from Abyssinia, Bilal ibn Rabah. He was a beloved companion of Prophet Muhammad. Bilal’s rich and melodious voice called the Muslims of Madinah to prayer five times a day.

A translation of the call to prayer:

God is Greater, God is Greater;

God is Greater, God is Greater.

I testify that there is no deity except God;
I testify that there is no deity except God.

I testify that Muhammad is the messenger of God; I testify that Muhammad is the messenger of God.

Come to prayer! Come to prayer!

Come to success! Come to success!

God is Greater! God is Greater!

There is no deity except God.



Source: http://www.discover islam.com



  1. dean says:

    can we pray while driving a car?

  2. no obviously not —since prayer should be given in a state of khushoo, ie concentration and devotion to Allah, however you can make du’a which is supplications to Allah for things you want or need or for needs of others such as health of a loved one, peace, help in getting a job etc…

  3. Fatima says:

    Just park your car somewhere and keep a prayer rug in it at all times and just find some place clean and green to pray

  4. Syed Daeed Hammad says:

    Holy prophet said:”as bath removes stain or filth from a body prayer removes all the sins of a person or muslim.

  5. Mujahed Khan says:

    I would like to see some Hadith about the Obligatory Prayer’s importance. I am seeing a lot of Muslims believing that they will be pardoned and will go to Jannah even if they do not pray. We need to emphasize the importance of obligatory Prayer by the authentic Hadeeth, which talk about consequences of NOT praying.

  6. khalid says:

    Dear brother,

    My question is if a person has offered his farz salah and thereafter praying sunnah salah can other person who has missed his farz can join him and pray his farj salah, if yes plz can u send some hadith regarding this issue.

  7. Wa alaikum salam,

    Khalid, there are two opinions.. the one I have daleel for is a hadith which I will try to get the narration for soon. Once a man came to the Prophet peace be upon him and complained against Muath because he had joined him in prayer and Muath read all of Surah Bakarah in one Raka (can you imagine this?? How many of us do this??). He complained that it was so long to stay standing (keep in mind surah bakarah needs more than one hour to complete). The Prophet was first upset with Muath for making salah so long until he found out that Muath was praying sunnah while the other man came and prayed fard (obligatory prayer) and he left it without comment which means that it was allowed.

    There are times when a person in the masjid may be praying sunnah during the prayer time and another man may come and join him thinking the first man was praying fard. I know that sometimes we have done this especially while out or traveling..

    Allahu alim Allah knows best.



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